Traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury are often caused by accidents. They can be caused by a variety of accidents, like automobile, motorcycle, falls, sports-related accidents, boating accidents, accidental shootings, ATV, snowmobile, and bicycle accidents.
Traumatic Brain Injury
The brain serves as the control center for a variety of conscious activities, such as talking and walking, as well as unconscious body activities, like breathing and heart rate. A brain injury can disrupt some or all body activities. Depending on the severity of the injury, the effects can be devastating.
Traumatic brain injury can result from an impact or fracture to the skull. Damage to the brain may occur at the time the head impacts a hard surface. Symptons may also occur later.
Sometimes brain injury can also result from a "closed head injury." In such a case, there is no impact or fracture to the skull. Often times, there are no obvious signs of external damage. A closed head injury often occurs when there is a rapid acceleration or deceleration of the head, like in the case of shaken baby syndrome. Closed head injuries usually result in more widespread damage to the brain and, therefore, cause more extensive neurological defects.
Possible effects of traumatic brain injury are:
A person is considered "comatose" when he or she remains unconscious for a long period of time. The longer a person is comatose, the more severe the traumatic brain injury.
You don't have to be in a coma to suffer a traumatic brain injury. You can be conscious and have suffered a traumatic brain injury. In this case, you may exhibit one or more of the following effects:
- Impaired cognitive or thinking functions, including difficulties with reading and writing and limited concentration
- Memory loss
- Behavior changes, including fatigue, mood swings, sexual dysfunction, lack of motivation and problems with interpersonal skills
- Loss of coordination
- Personality changes
- Impaired speech and/or vision
- Hearing loss
If you or someone you know has injured their head in an accident and exhibits any of the above symptoms or any other unusual behavior, a traumatic brain injury may have been suffered.
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