LOUISVILLE, KY (WAVE) - Mosquitoes in south Louisville have tested positive for West Nile Virus.
Mosquitoes that tested positive for the virus came from the 40214 ZIP code.
Samples from mosquitoes were collected as part of surveillance by the Department of Public Health and Wellness and were tested by it's laboratory.
No human cases of the West Nile Virus have been found in Louisville this year. Three human cases were found in 2015.
"This is an indication that the West Nile virus is present again this year in Louisville," said Dr. Joann Schulte, director of the Louisville Metro Department of Public Health and Wellness. "West Nile virus is most commonly transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. You can reduce your risk of being infected with West Nile virus by using insect repellent and wearing protective clothing to prevent mosquito bites."
Fewer than 1 in 150 people who are infected with the West Nile Virus will develop a serious disease. Approximately 1 in 5 people who are infected will develop a fever and other symptoms such as body aches, joint aches, headache, rash, diarrhea, or vomiting.
Most people who contract this type of West Nile Virus recover completely, however, fatigue and weakness can last for months.
Less than one percent of people will develop a serious neurological illness such as encephalitis or meningitis.
The elderly and those with compromised immune systems are at an increased risk for serious disease of West Nile Virus.
"The department of Public Health and Wellness advise people to take the following precautions:
Avoid Mosquito Bites
- Use insect repellents when you go outdoors. Repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and some oil of lemon eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide longer-lasting protection. To optimize safety and effectiveness, repellents should be used according to the label instructions.
- When weather permits, wear long sleeves, long pants and socks when outdoors. Mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing, so spraying clothes with repellent containing permethrin or another EPA-registered repellent will give extra protection. Don't apply repellents containing permethrin directly to skin. Do not spray repellent on the skin under your clothing.
- Take extra care during peak mosquito biting hours. Take extra care to use repellent and protective clothing from dusk to dawn or consider avoiding outdoor activities during these times.
Mosquito-Proof Your Home
- Install or repair screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes outside. Use your air conditioning, if you have it.
- Help reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home by emptying standing water from flowerpots, gutters, buckets, pool covers, pet water dishes, discarded tires and birdbaths on a regular basis."